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In situ transduction of target cells on solid surfaces by immobilized viral vectors

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Author(s): Hobson David | Pandori Mark | Sano Takeshi

Journal: BMC Biotechnology
ISSN 1472-6750

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 4;
Date: 2003;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background For both in vitro and in vivo gene transfer applications, recombinant viral vectors have almost always been used free in solution. Some site-specificity of the delivery of viral vectors can be achieved by applying a solution containing viral particles specifically to the site of interest. However, such site-specificity is seriously limited since viral vectors can diffuse freely in solution after application. Results We have developed a novel strategy for in situ transduction of target cells on solid surfaces by viral vectors. In this strategy, adenoviral vectors are attached stably to solid surfaces by using the extremely tight interaction between (strept)avidin and biotin, while maintaining the infectivity of the viral vectors. Target cells are cultured directly on such virus-coated solid surfaces, resulting in the transduction of the cells, in situ, on the solid surface. When compared using an equal number of viral particles present in each well (either immobilized or free), the efficiencies of such in situ transduction on solid surfaces were equivalent to those seen with the adenoviral vectors used free in solution. Since viral particles can be attached at desired locations on solid surfaces in any sizes, shapes, and patterns, the ultimate spatial arrangements of transduced cells on solid surfaces can be predetermined at the time of the preparation of the virus-coated solid surfaces. Conclusions We have devised a method of immobilizing adenoviral vectors, tightly and stably, on solid surfaces, while maintaining their ability to infect cells. Such immobilized viral vectors can infect target cells, in situ, on solid surfaces. This strategy should be very useful for the development of a variety of both in vitro and in vivo applications, including the creation of cell-based expression arrays for proteomics and drug discovery and highly site-specific delivery of transgenes for gene therapy and tissue engineering.
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