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Slice-Selective Transmit Array Pulses for Improvement in Excitation Uniformity and Reduction of SAR

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Author(s): BuSik Park | Kyunghyun Sung | John McGarrity | Suk-hoon Oh | Zhipeng Cao | Zhangwei Wang | Christopher M. Collins

Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
ISSN 1942-0730

Volume: 05;
Issue: 05;
Start page: 205;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: MRI | Composite Pulse | RF Shimming | SAR | MRI Simulator

ABSTRACT
To overcome challenges of inhomogeneous transmit B1 distribution and high specific energy absorption rate (SAR) in MRI, we compare slice-selective array-optimized composite pulse and RF shimming designed to both improve B1 uniformity and reduce SAR using an 8-channel transmit head array loaded with a head model at various RF pulse excitation times, and compare results with standard quadrature voltage distribution at 3T (128 MHz) and 7T (300 MHz). The excitation uniformity was estimated throughout the 3D brain region and SAR was calculated for the whole head. The optimized composite pulse could produce significantly better homogeneity and significantly better homogeneity when SAR was not constrained, and both significantly better homogeneity and lower SAR when the pulse duration was allowed to be twice that of the quadrature or RF shimmed pulse. When the total pulse durations were constrained to the same length, the relative advantages of the optimized composite pulse for producing better homogeneity and lower SAR simultaneously were diminished. Using the optimization results, the slice-selective composite pulse sequence was implemented on a 3D MRI simulator currently under development, and showed both effective slice selection and improvement in excitation uniformity compared to a conventional quadrature driving method.
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