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Slipped upper femoral epiphysis with hemophilia A

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Author(s): Iyer Deepa | Brueton Richard

Journal: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0019-5413

Volume: 41;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 250;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Hemophilia A | slipped upper femoral epiphysis

ABSTRACT
A 13-year-old boy who had hemophilia A was reported with pain in the left thigh and hip on walking. He had no history of trauma. Severe hemophilia A is diagnosed with a Factor VIII level of < 1 iu/dl. The presumptive diagnosis was that of a spontaneous bleed into the hip joint. Factor VIII mutational analysis revealed a C to G substitution at nucleotide 6683 which results in a cystine change at codon 2194. However, the symptoms persisted and an X-ray demonstrated the presence of an acute on chronic slip of the upper femoral epiphysis. The patient was transferred to the center treating his hemophilia where the hip was pinned in situ under cover with Factor VIII. This case demonstrates the need to be aware of a possible traumatic diagnosis of hip pain in a hemophiliac child with a longstanding history of spontaneous bleeding into joints.
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