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Smart Street Lighting Control and Monitoring System for Electrical Power Saving by Using VANET

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Author(s): Samir A. Elsagheer Mohamed

Journal: International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences
ISSN 1913-3715

Volume: 06;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 351;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks | Street Lighting System | Power Saving | System Control | Monitoring

ABSTRACT
The huge amount of electrical power of many countries is consumed in lighting the streets. However, vehicles pass with very low rate in specific periods of time and parts of the streets are not occupied by vehicles over time. In this paper, we propose a system that automatically switches off the light for the parts of the streets having no vehicles and turns on the light for these parts once there are some vehicles that are going to come. Logically, this system may save a large amount of the electrical power. In addition, it may increase the lifetime of the lamps and reduce the pollutions. This system automatically controls and monitors the light of the streets. It can light only the parts that have vehicles and help on the maintenance of the lighting equipments. Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANET) make it possible to propose such system. VANET enables the possibility to know the presence of vehicles, their locations, their directions and their speeds in real time. These quantities are what are needed to develop this system. An advantage of using VANET is that there is no need to use specific network and equipments to design the system, but VANET infrastructure will be used. This decreases the cost and speed up the deployment of such system. This paper focuses on the proposal of different possible architectures of this system. Results show that the saved energy may reach up to 65% and an increase of the lifetime of the lamps of 53%.

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