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Smoking is the most frequent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in Croatian Western region: findings of the Croatian health survey 2003

Author(s): Đulija Malatestinić, | Nena Rončević, | Henrietta Benčević-Striehl, | Suzana Janković, | Vladimir Mićović

Journal: Medicinski Glasnik
ISSN 1840-0132

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 218;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: cardiovascular diseases | health survey | prevalence | risk factors

Aim To estimate the prevalence of selected behavioral risk factorsfor cardiovascular diseases in the western region of Croatia and todetermine the differences based on age and gender.Methods A national survey on health status and health behavior ofthe adult population has been conducted. The representative sampleof 10,766 households for six officially defined regions of Croatiahas been determined, and Western region has been included with1,562 inhabitants, aged 18 years and older. The overall responserate of administered face-to-face questionnaire was 85-6%. Prevalencerates per 100 inhabitants (smoking, eating habits, alcoholconsumption, physical activity, socio-economic characteristics,chronic conditions) have been determined.Results Nearly half (46.3%) of the adults were smokers or hadquit smoking less than 10 years ago. Prevalence of high bloodpressure was high amounting to 40.6% and it was higher in middleaged males (46.7%, p

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