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Social Identification Dimensions as Mediators of the Effect of Prototypicality on Intergroup Behaviours

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Author(s): Patricia L. Obst | Katherine M. White | Kenneth I. Mavor | Rosland M. Baker

Journal: Psychology
ISSN 2152-7180

Volume: 02;
Issue: 05;
Start page: 426;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Social identification | Prototypicality | Intergroup Outcomes

ABSTRACT
Cameron (2004) proposed a three-dimensional model and measure of social identification consisting of cognitive centrality, in-group affect, and in-group ties. This approach has received growing theoretical and empirical support; however, little research has examined how these dimensions of social identification may relate differentially to intergroup outcome behaviors. The current research sought to address this question by examining the possible mediating role the dimensions of social identification on the relationship between prototypicality of group members and the intergroup outcome behaviors of in-group favoritism, out-group derogation, and collective self-esteem. The current study examined university students’ (N = 235) feelings towards students from their own and another local university. Structural equation modeling was used to identify the most appropriate and parsimonious models of these pathways. The results showed support for the utility of measuring social identification using a multidimensional approach with unique meditational pathways emerging for the distinct intergroup behaviors.
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