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Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura presenting with syncope episodes when coughing

Author(s): Santambrogio Luigi | Nosotti Mario | Palleschi Alessandro | Rosso Lorenzo | Tosi Davide | De Simone Matilde | Ciulla Michele | Maggioni Marco | Cioffi Ugo

Journal: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
ISSN 1477-7819

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 86;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Abstract Background Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura is a rarely encountered clinical entity which may have different clinical pictures. Although the majority of these neoplasms have a benign course, the malignant form has also been reported. Case presentation We herein describe a case of 72 year-old man with head, facial, and thoracic traumas caused by neurally-mediated situational syncope when coughing. The diagnostic work-up including chest x-ray, CT and PET, revealed a large solitary mass of the left hemithorax. Radical surgical resection of the mass was performed through a left lateral thoracotomy and completed with a wedge resection of the lingula. Hystological examination of the surgical specimen showed an encapsulated mass measuring 12 × 11.5 × 6 cm consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. It's surgical removal definitively resolved the neurologic manifestations. The patient had no postoperative complications. At two years follow-up the patient is free from recurrence and without clinical manifestations. Conclusion In our case its resection definitively resolved the episodes of situational syncope due, in our opinion, to the large thoracic mass compressing the phrenic nerve

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