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Some Ectoparasites of <I>Camelus dromedarius</I> in Sokoto, Nigeria

Author(s): M.D. Lawal | I.G. Ameh | A. Ahmed

Journal: Journal of Entomology
ISSN 1812-5670

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 143;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Ectoparasites | Camelus

Camelus dromedarius) at Sokoto abattoir livestock market were physically screened at random, for ectoparasites by macroscopic observation, grooming and scrapping of 3960 anatomical sites on 396 animals. 367 (92.7%) of the 396 camels were infested vis--vis 335 (91.28%) by ticks, 17 (4.63%) by flies, 13 (3.54%) by mites and 2 (0.55%) by lice. The ectoparasites identified and their relative abundance on the camels was as follows: Hyalomma sp. (48.0%), Amblyomma sp. (16.79%), Boophilus sp. (14.91%), Rhipicephalus sp. (14.71%), Musca domestica (2.48%), Hippobosca cameli (2.13%), Sarcoptes scabiei var cameli (0.44%), Haematopinus tuberculatus (0.27%), Tabanus longicorins (0.27%). Hyalomma species, which was the most prevalent species of the ectoparasites, was identified as H. dromedarii (46.9%), H. rufipes (22.9%), H. impeltatum (18.5%) and H. truncatum (11.7%). These ectoparasite fauna may have been imported across the border by traffics of camel caravan, which linked Sokoto and other sahelian countries. Although the impact of these parasites on host animals and the environment was not measured in this study, it was however, concluded that the number and species of infesting ectoparasites encountered were significant enough to pose a potential public health hazard, especially tick pestilence.]]>

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