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Spatial Causality. An application to the Deforestation Process in Bolivia

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Author(s): Javier Aliaga | Marcos Herrera | Daniel Leguía | Jesús Mur | Manuel Ruiz | Horacio Villegas

Journal: Investigaciones Regionales
ISSN 1695-7253

Issue: 21;
Start page: 183;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Risk of deforestation | Bolivia | municipalities | causality

ABSTRACT
This paper analyses the causes of deforestation for a representative set of Bolivian municipalities. The literature on environmental economics insists on the importance of physical and social factors. We focus on the last group of variables. Our objective is to identify causal mechanisms between these factors of risk and the problem of deforestation. To this end, we present a testing strategy for spatial causality, based on a sequence of Lagrange Multipliers. The results that we obtain for the Bolivian case confirm only partially the traditional view of the problem of deforestation. Indeed, we only find unequivocal signs of causality in relation to the structure of property rights.
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