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Spatial Patterns of Underdevelopment in Maramureş - Chioar Region, Romania


Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: IX;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 69;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Spatial patterns | Road network | Underdevelopment | Maramureş – Chioar Region | Romania

This article approaches aspects of spatial patterns associated with underdevelopment situations in Maramureş – Chioar Region, Romania. Based on the concept according to which territorial balance results from a harmonization between structure and function, the analysis performed considers three territorial aspects: the road network, the economic characteristics and the spatial positioning of the human settlements. The correlated analysis of these aspects allowed capturing certain recurrent spatial situations of association between settlements without business organizations, with a poor road network development. Such situations, translated in terms of space as patterns of underdevelopment, are, due to the big number of cases, a symptom of uneven regional development. We have identified three classes of spatial patterns associated with economic underdevelopment situations: the sidewise pattern, the cul-de-sac pattern, and the proximity pattern. The analysis of network indicators (α, β, γ, μ) and of a compound indicator (κ) reveals in many cases that the identified spatial patterns coincide with low values of road network connectivity. From a systemic point of view, the significance of these indicators derives from the fact that they signal dysfunctions manifested at structural and functional level. The optimization of the patterns of underdevelopment requires both a harmonious relationship between road network meshes and nodes and an efficient network flow transmission, i.e. an optimization between time, space and consumed energy factors. Under these conditions, the emergence of new structural elements and network segments that will close the non-functional network meshes can be a possible solution that might eliminate underdevelopment situations by increasing the positional value of these settlements.
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