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Spatial and temporal variability of rainfall erosivity factor for Switzerland

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Author(s): K. Meusburger | A. Steel | P. Panagos | L. Montanarella | C. Alewell

Journal: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences
ISSN 1027-5606

Volume: 16;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 167;
Date: 2012;
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ABSTRACT
Rainfall erosivity, considering rainfall amount and intensity, is an important parameter for soil erosion risk assessment under future land use and climate change. Despite its importance, rainfall erosivity is usually implemented in models with a low spatial and temporal resolution. The purpose of this study is to assess the temporal- and spatial distribution of rainfall erosivity in form of the (Revised) Universal Soil Loss Equation R-factor for Switzerland. Time series of 22 yr for rainfall (10 min resolution) and temperature (1 h resolution) data were analysed for 71 automatic gauging stations distributed throughout Switzerland. Regression-kriging was used to interpolate the rainfall erosivity values of single stations and to generate a map for Switzerland. Latitude, longitude, average annual precipitation, biogeographic units (Jura, Midland, etc.), aspect and elevation were used as covariates, of which average annual precipitation, elevation and the biographic unit (Western Central Alps) were significant (p
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