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SPCS: Secure and Privacy-Preserving Charging-Station Searching using VANET

Author(s): Tat Wing Chim | Jeanno Chin Long Cheung | Siu Ming Yiu | Lucas Chi Kwong Hui | Victor On Kwok Li

Journal: Journal of Information Security
ISSN 2153-1234

Volume: 03;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Electric Vehicle | Vehicular Ad Hoc Network | Blind Signature | Anonymous Credential

Electric vehicle has attracted more and more attention all around the world in recent years because of its many advantages such as low pollution to the environment. However, due to the limitation of current technology, charging remains an important issue. In this paper, we study the problem of finding and making reservation on charging stations via a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET). Our focus is on the privacy concern as drivers would not like to be traced by knowing which charging stations they have visited. Technically, we make use of the property of blind signature to achieve this goal. In brief, an electric vehicle first generates a set of anonymous credentials on its own. A trusted authority then blindly signs on them after verifying the identity of the vehicle. After that, the vehicle can make charging station searching queries and reservations by presenting those signed anonymous credentials. We implemented the scheme and show that the credential signing process (expected to be the most time consuming step) can be completed within reasonable time when the parameters are properly set. In particular, the process can be completed in 5 minutes when 1024 bits of RSA signing key is used. Moreover, we show that our scheme is secure in terms of authentication and privacy-preserving.
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