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The species–energy hypothesis as a mechanism for species richness patterns

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Author(s): Zhiheng Wang | Zhiyao Tang | Jingyun Fang

Journal: Biodiversity Science
ISSN 1005-0094

Volume: 17;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 613;
Date: 2009;

Keywords: species diversity | kinetic energy | thermal energy | productivity hypothesis | water–energy dynamic hypothesis | ambient energy hypothesis | freezing tolerance hypothesis | metabolic theory of ecology

ABSTRACT
Large-scale patterns of species diversity are one of the most important and attractive issues for ecology and biogeography. Many hypotheses have been proposed to understand the mechanisms that shapeand maintain the diversity patterns. Among them, the energy hypothesis, which focuses on the influence of energy on species diversity, has generated the most attention. Based on the forms of energy and the mechanisms of energy effects on diversity patterns, five versions of the energy hypothesis have been recognized, i.e. productivity hypothesis, water–energy dynamic hypothesis, ambient energy hypothesis, freezing tolerance hypothesis, and metabolic theory of ecology. The current paper reviews the development of the energy hypothesis, and then presents the context, energy forms, variables, predictions, and underlying mechanisms for the five versions of the energy hypothesis. Furthermore, we discuss the advantages, shortcomings, and challenges of each version of the energy hypothesis.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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