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SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH CVA COMPARISON WITH CT SCAN

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Author(s): A CHIT SAZ | AR KHATOONABADY

Journal: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
ISSN 1735-1995

Volume: 6;
Issue: 3;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: CVA | Speech Disorder | Language | Disability

ABSTRACT
Introduction. Stroke is a sudden onset of neurologic signs as a result of the ischemic or intracranial hemmorhage because of the cerebrovascular disease that stands for at least 24 hours. Cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important factors that causes speech disorder. The aim of this study is to show the characteristics of speech and language related to the various parts of the brain lesion. Methods. In this study 64 patients with CVA and speech disorders were tested. Lesions in 36 patients were ischemic, 17 patients were hemmorhagic. 11 patients had no any significant lesion on CT-scan. The test unndertaken included "Farsi Aphasia Test" written by Dr. Nilipoor. Results. Fifty percent of patients were in 61-70 years old group. 70.3 percent were male and 29.7 percent were female. In aspect of the hemisphere involved 50 percent were left hemisphere and 28.1 percent Right hemisphere and 4.7 percent with both hemisphers involvement. Discussion. In CVA patient with speech disorders the temporal lobe of the left hemisphere is mostly involved, and in respect to oral speech disorders in CVA, most of the problems were seen in non verbal fluency and the least problems were seen in repetition.
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