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Splenic artery aneurysms

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Author(s): Čolović R. | Davidović L. | Bilanović D. | Krivokapić Z. | Grubor N. | Cvetković S. | Radak V. | Marković M.

Journal: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
ISSN 0354-950X

Volume: 53;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 41;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: splenic artery | aneurism

ABSTRACT
Although the third most frequent aneurysm in the abdomen, after aneurysms of the aorta and iliac arteries, and most frequent aneurisms of visceral arteries, splenic artery aneurysms are rare, but not very rare. Thanks to the new imaging techniques, first of all ultrasonography, they have been discovered with increasing frequency. We present a series of 9 splenic artery aneurysms. Seven patients were female and two male of average age 49 years (ranging from 28 to 75 years). The majority of affected women were multiparae, with average 3 children (ranging from 1 to 6). One patient had a subacute rupture, and 2 had ruptures into the splenic vein causing portal hypertension. The spleen was enlarged in 7 out of 9 patients. The average size of aneurysms was 3,2 cm (ranging from 2 to 8 cm). The preoperative diagnosis of splenic artery aneurysm was established in 6 patients while in 3 patients aneurism was accidentally found during other operations, during splenectomy in 2, and during the excision of a retroperitoneal tumor in 1 patient. Aneurysmectomy was carried out in 7 patients, while a ligation of the incoming and out coming wessels was performed in 2 patients with arteriovenous fistula. Splenectomy was performed in 6 patients, while pancreatic tail resection, cholecystectomy and excision of the retroperitoneal tumor were performed in 3 patients. Additional resection of the abdominal aortic aneurysm with reconstruction of aortoiliac segment was performed in 2 patients. There were no mortality and the postoperative recovery was uneventful in all patients.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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