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SRY in an XX male does not influence random chromosome X inactivation: Cytogenetic evidence. Definition of the boundaries of the translocated Y segment through FISH and PCR-RT in a case report and review of the literature

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Author(s): Mariano Stabile | Vincenzo Altieri | Rosa Salzillo | Panfilo Marrollo | Guglielmo Stabile | Tina Iuorio | Bianca Moscato

Journal: Open Journal of Genetics
ISSN 2162-4453

Volume: 03;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 27;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: XX Male | SRY | Translocation X-Y | X Chromosome Inactivation | Y Chromosome

ABSTRACT
We report a case of an SRY positive XX male. The phenotype was completely masculinised except for the reduced facial hair; testes were small, and azoospermia was present. The patient’s metaphases, coloured with acridine-orange to reveal the late replicating X chromosome, were sequentially hybridised with SRY and X centromeric probes: a random X chromosome inactivation pattern (XCIP) was present, with SRY present about half the time on both the active X and the inactive X. The most likely hypothesis is that the translocated SRY gene escaped inactivation as part of the entire X Pseudo Autosomal telomeric Region 1 (PAR 1). This hypothesis can explain the masculine phenotype, which would be incompatible with a halved expression of SRY. Review of the literature about the association of 46, XX males with a specific XCI pattern is made. The analysis of region AZF and QF-PCR for Y polymorphic loci allowed us to define the boundaries of the translocated Y segment as restricted to the region around the SRY locus. Chromosomal fragility analysis, using SCE (Sister Chromatid Exchanges), ruled out chromosomal fragility as a predisposing factor in the proband’s father; in addition, no chromosome Y polymorphic variant (inversion, Y qh +/﹣), was present in the proband’s father. However, like the AZF region c microdeletions and PRKX/PRKY translocation XX males, a particular Y haplotype could be also in this case a predisposing factor.

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