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Stachydrine and Volatile Isothiocyanates from the Unripe Fruit of Capparis spinosa L.

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Author(s): SULEIMAN AFSHARYPUOR AMIR AREFIAN JAZY

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 11;
Date: 1999;
Original page

Keywords: Capparis spinosa | Capparidaceae | Stachydrine | Isothiocyanates

ABSTRACT
The alkaloid stachydrine of the unripe fruit as well as other parts of Capparis spinosa var. mucronifolia was extracted by 80% methanol, purified by column chromatography and identified by 'H NMR and IR spectroscopic methods. Volatile isothiocyanates were prepared by hydro-distillation of the autolyzed plant material and studied by GC and GC/MS methods.The volatile oil of the unriupe fruit was composed mainly of methyl isothiocyanate (39.2%), isopropyl isothio-cyanate(21.4%), and sec-butyl isothiocyanate (6.4%).
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