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STANDARDIZATION OF MEDICINAL PLANT MATERIALS

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Author(s): Kataria Sahil | Bhardwaj Sudeep | Middha Akanksha

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1100;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Standardization | Traditional Medicine | efficacy | revivification.

ABSTRACT
With the changing pattern of life style most of the diseases are now becoming lifestyle diseases. The world is witnessing an unprecedented growth in the usage of herbal product at national as well as international levels. These have necessitated development of modern and objective standards for evaluating the safety, quality and efficacy of these medicines. The current standards, parameters and protocols available to test the quality of herbal medicines were originally developed for allopathic drugs and can at best authenticate the identity plant materials (may be purity to some extent) not their safety and efficacy. Herbal medicines are natural products and their phytoconstituents depending on time and region, processing and storage. Variations in the collection, processing or storage of an herb could impact its efficacy profile. Since prior knowledge regarding appropriate collection and usage of most medicinal plants exists in tradition, it can be used as a guide to quality standardization. The parameters of testing the quality of materials (dravya) in traditional medicines, such as rasa (taste), guna (properties), (potency), vipaka (post digestion effects) and karma (action) are very different from the western methods. These traditional parameters reflect not only the quality but also efficacy. Having said which, there are no direct written protocols available in traditional medicines either for collection or for testing the action. The methods of testing are lost today need revivification.

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