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Static Object Detection Based on a Dual Background Model and a Finite-State Machine

Author(s): Heras Evangelio Rubén | Sikora Thomas

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing
ISSN 1687-5176

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 858502;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Detecting static objects in video sequences has a high relevance in many surveillance applications, such as the detection of abandoned objects in public areas. In this paper, we present a system for the detection of static objects in crowded scenes. Based on the detection of two background models learning at different rates, pixels are classified with the help of a finite-state machine. The background is modelled by two mixtures of Gaussians with identical parameters except for the learning rate. The state machine provides the meaning for the interpretation of the results obtained from background subtraction; it can be implemented as a look-up table with negligible computational cost and it can be easily extended. Due to the definition of the states in the state machine, the system can be used either full automatically or interactively, making it extremely suitable for real-life surveillance applications. The system was successfully validated with several public datasets.
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