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Strategies for optimizing psychosocial health at work

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Author(s): Cifre-Gallego, Eva | Rodriguez-Sanchez, Alma M.

Journal: Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN 1454-8062

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: strategies | optimization | well-being | flow

ABSTRACT
This contribution points out the individual and organizational strategies that can be carried out in order to not to prevent or intervene in the disease but to promote the psychosocial health of employees. Based on the Positive Experiences Model, authors describe two main types of optimizing strategies both at individual and organizational level: 1) preventive optimization strategies, as interventions or actions addressed to the entire population of the organization although nobody has expressed psychosocial distress, and 2) improvement optimization strategies, as interventions addressed to those employees who do not show any psychosocial risk or distress problems, but with some subjective well-being indicators identified as susceptible to be improved. A total of 12 optimization strategies are briefly described. Finally, authors stress the importance of combining both individual and organizational optimization strategies.
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