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“The streets of Barcelona, the houses of Pakistan” Transnationalism and the post-migration generation

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Author(s): Mònica Tolsanas

Journal: Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
ISSN 1133-6595

Issue: 78;
Start page: 33;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Pakistanis | immigration | Raval | Barcelona | second generation | family | solidarity | diaspora

ABSTRACT
The article analyses the incorporation of the Pakistani community into Barcelona’s Raval district given the existence of a transnational global space. The process of incorporation into the city is supported by networks of solidarity and reciprocity that are based on a shared ethnicity. Incorporation involves the transformation and adaptation of immigrants’ very cultural and social baggage, in order to adapt themselves to the characteristics of the new context, at the same time as they are influenced by how they are imagined by the dominant society. The networks of solidarity and reciprocity are constructed and maintained through relations of family, friendship and neighbourhood, and represent relational spaces for people who circulate economic, symbolic and social capital. They are also platforms for support and social control that promote the maintenance of certain cultural practices and ways of behaviour. Identity, far from moulding itself to a single pattern, depends on and changes according to the context, with innovations contributed by second generations or by the post-migration generation.
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