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Stress coping mechanisms in patients with chronic dermatoses

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Author(s): Korabel, Hanna | Grabski, Bartosz | Dudek, Dominika | Jaworek, Andrzej | Gierowski, Józef Krzysztof | Kiejna, Andrzej | Wojas-Pelc, Anna

Journal: Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
ISSN 1509-2046

Volume: 15;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 33;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: psoriasis | stress coping mechanisms | connective tissue diseases | rosacea

ABSTRACT
Objective. The results of numerous studies of today confirm that persons suffering from psychosomatic disorders are not able to effectively cope with stress. The experience of stress is also frequently combined with the occurrence or aggravation of various skin diseases. The goal of our study was to identify the predominantways of coping with stress in the group of patients with chronic dermatoses.Methods. The group under study included patients receiving treatment in the Dermatology Clinic of Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University. They were either hospitalized patients or those who came for control examinations at the Outpatient Clinic. Evaluation of the forms of coping with stress was conducted with the help of the Endler and Parker Questionnaire – CISS.Results. They significantly more often apply the style of coping focused on avoiding (p-value= 0.0056). It also turned out that the patients in the dermatological groups manifested a constant tendency to get involved in vicarious activities (p-value=0.0247).Discussion. The results of the presented study indicate that there is a statistically significant difference between the patients with dermatological disorders and those in the control group as regards their ways of coping with stress.Conclusion. The results obtained in the discussed study may be a starting point for designing a complex support for the patients with skin diseases. The therapeutic technique that may prove helpful for this group of patients is the cognitive-behavioral therapy (CTB).
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