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Stress and psychosocial adaptation in mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder / Estresse e adaptação psicossocial em mães de crianças com transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade

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Author(s): Andressa Henke Bellé | Ana Cristina Andreazza | Jan Ruschel | Cleonice Alves Bosa

Journal: Psicologia : Reflexão e Crítica
ISSN 0102-7972

Volume: 22;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 317;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder | Stress | Social support | Coping strategies | Family adaptation

ABSTRACT
The present study has investigated the parental stress in mothers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=30), in mothers of children with co-morbidity with the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (n=30), and in mothers of children with typical development (n=30). In addition, possible correlations of parental stress with coping strategies, social support and ADHD severity have been investigated. The mothers have been evaluated using the following instruments: (a) Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ); (b) Parental Coping Inventory - Health Area - CHIP; (c) Questionnaire of Parental Stress for Parents of Children with Development Disorder; (d) MTA SNAP-IV Teachers and Parents Rating Scale. The results indicated that mothers of children with ADHD and ADHD + ODD presented more parental stress than mothers of children with typical development. In addition, social support, self-esteem coping and medical coping moderated the parental stress effect.
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