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Studies on Foreign Body Ingestion and their Related Complications in Ruminants Associated with Inappropriate Solid Waste Disposal in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia

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Author(s): Sileshi Nugusu | Ramaswamy Velappagounder | Chandrashekhar Unakal | Raja Nagappan

Journal: International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ISSN 2041-2894

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 67;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Environmental pollution | foreign bodies | indigestion | rumenotomy | ruminants

ABSTRACT
A cross-sectional study was carried out in Veterinary Clinics, Gondar town, Ethiopia from November 2011 to April 2012. Totally 416 ruminants were recorded in the clinics in which 36 clinical cases (34 bovine and 2 sheep) were operated for rumen problem. The overall prevalence of foreign bodies’ was 8.6%. The non-penetrating foreign bodies have higher prevalence than penetrating foreign bodies. The commonly recovered non-penetrating foreign bodies were plastics (36.6%), followed by sack thread (26.8%), rope (16.9%), leather (15.5%) and hair (4.2%). The penetrating foreign bodies were wires (51.9% commonly occurred), followed by nail (37.0%) and needles (11.1%). The common clinical symptoms observed were recurrent bloat (34.8%), suspended rumination (17.4%), scanty feces (10.9%), anorexia (8.7%), rough hair coat (6.5%) and distended abdomen (21.7%). Outcome of this rumenotomy studies were significantly associated with relation to the quantities of foreign bodies recovered. Out of 36 animals operated 24 were well recovered, 4 faced postoperative complication and 8 died. Adult female animals were more affected than younger and male. The present study revealed that inappropriate solid wastes disposed in the study area not only pollute the environment but also have adverse effects on healthy ruminants. In conclusion, detection of the foreign bodies in fore stomach suggested as health risk to ruminants. Therefore, appropriate solid waste disposal system need to implement in the study area to prevent health risk of ruminants and also to protect the environment.
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