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Studies on Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen among Secondary School Students in North-central, Nigeria

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Author(s): Ndako AJ | Obinna ON | Georgebest ONE | Surajudeen AJ | Onyeka A | Tiri JA

Journal: Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research
ISSN 2076-6270

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 163;
Date: 2011;

Keywords: HBsAg prevalence | Risk factors | Students | Nigeria

ABSTRACT
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is one of the major global public health problems, with its attendant risks especially among the young adults. This study was therefore carried out to assess the sero-prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and associated risk factors among students of a secondary school in Jagindi Tasha, Kaduna State, Nigeria. One hundred and ninety (190) apparently healthy students were screened and sera samples obtained were separated and analysed for HBsAg using a commercially available Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)-based kit (Dialab). Information was obtained for risk factors using structured questionnaire. Out of the 190 samples screened, 35 (18.4%) were sero-positive. Subjects aged 13-15 years recorded 6.8% positivity (2 = 1.084; p>0.05) and male subjects had 25.5% positivity compared to 10.9% positivity for females (2 = 6.768; p
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