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The Study of Anthropometric Variables on Growth and Development of School Children in Zaria, Nigeria

Author(s): Oyewale Abdulwaheed Abdulazeez | S.A. Ojo; S.S. Adebisi and S.B. Danborno

Journal: Asian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 2040-8765

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 185;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Body mass index | body weight | childhood | developmental stages | growth spurts | Zaria

Human populations consist of individuals who differ widely in body shape and size. Growth and development are intrinsic characteristics of childhood. Progress in growth and developmental milestones is age related, occurs in phases and has a normal pattern. There are different patterns of growth for particular age groups, from the prenatal period to adolescence. This study was conducted to compare the anthropometric variables of different age and sex group has associated to various degree of development. The study population comprised of 1,235 apparent healthy children (prepubertal 9-12 years: male, n = 248, female, n = 260; pubertal 13-15 years: male, n = 186, female, n = 193; adolescence 16-18 years: male, n =192, female, n = 156). Anthropometric measurements considered includes weight, height, Biepicondylar breadth of Humerus and femur, upper arm and calf circumferences, triceps; Subscapular; Supraspinale; and medial calf skinfold thicknesses. The results obtained shows a significant difference (p
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