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Study on Biodegradation of Mazut by Newly Isolated strain Enterobacter Cloacae BBRC10061: Improving and Kinetic Investigation

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Author(s): Alireza Chackoshian Khorasan | Mansour Mashreghi | Soheyla Yaghmaei

Journal: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN 1735-1979

Volume: 10;
Issue: January;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Biodegradation | Mazut | Gradual addition | Biokinetic model | Enterobacter cloacae

ABSTRACT
Mazut as a source content of various hydrocarbons is hard to be degraded and its cracking could turn mazut into useful materials. Nevertheless degradation of mazut by routine methods is too expensive but application of indigenous microorganisms as biocatalysts could be effective and important to lower the costs and expand its consumption. Mazut biodegradation can be improved using various strategies; Therefore in this study newly isolated strain Enterobacter cloacae BBRC 10061 was used in a method of gradual addition of mazut into medium and its results were compared with simple addition method. To investigate degradation of mazut by BBRC 10061, influence of increase of mazut concentration was assayed based on gradual addition method. Also different kinetic models were used to evaluate kinetics of the process. Results showed that gradual addition method has been a beneficial technique for improvement of mazut degradation because bacterial induction to produce biosurfactant and essential enzymes for cracking mazut was higher during process. Although addition of more mazut increased the rate of biodegradation but percentage of degradation decreased. pH of medium decreased during biodegradation period while electric potential increased. Also the biodegradation kinetics was not fitted with the biokinetic models; therefore kinetics of biodegradation of mazut has to be studied by new models.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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