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A study on the protective effect of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells on chronic renal failure in rats

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Author(s): Mohamed Talaat Abd El Aziz | Hazem Atta | Sohair Mahfouz | Hanaa Mohamed Yassin | Laila Ahmed Rashed | Dina Sabry | Zienab Abdel Wahab | Fatma Taha | Ghada Abdel Aziz | Abeer Moustafa El Sayed | Mohamed Sayed

Journal: Stem Cell Studies
ISSN 2038-9558

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e11;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: chronic renal failure | mesenchymal stem cells | experimental rats.

ABSTRACT
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common disease with high morbidity and mortality. The inadequacy of current treatment modalities and insufficiency of donor organs for cadaveric transplantation have driven a search for improved methods of dealing with renal failure. This raises the concept of cell-based therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The purpose of this work is to evaluate the effect of MSCs in rats with CRF and to detect the level of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) as possible antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory paracrine mediators of MSCs action. This study was carried on female albino rats, which were divided into 3 groups, control group, CRF group and CRF/MSCs group. MSCs were derived from bone marrow of male albino rats and were characterized morphologically and by RT-PCR for CD29. Serum urea, creatinine, Na, K, systolic blood pressure and 24-hour urinary albumin were estimated for all groups, Y-chromosome gene (Sry) was detected by PCR in renal tissue. Also Bcl-2 and bFGF were examined by RT-PCR in renal tissue of all studied groups and the kidney was examined pathologically. The results of this work showed that CRF rats receiving MSCs showed significantly lowered serum urea, creatinine and urinary albumin levels compared to the CRF group. Also improvement of serum Na and K was observed in CRF/MSCs group compared to CRF group. As regard Bcl-2 and bFGF they were highly expressed in renal tissue of CRF/MSCs group compared to the CRF group. The (Sry) gene was detected by PCR in the renal tissue of CRF/MSCs group. These results demonstrate a potential of MSCs to ameliorate the kidney function in rats with CRF possibly through the antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory paracrine mediators of MSCs.
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