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A study of the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in HIV positive individuals in Mashhad, Northeast Iran

Author(s): Fariba Berenji | Mohammad Reza Sarvghad | Abdolmajid Fata | Zahra Hosseininejad | Elena Saremi | Majid Ganjbakhsh | Robabeh Izadi Jahanparvar

Journal: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
ISSN 2008-3645

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 61;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: HIV+ Patients | Intestinal parasites | Giardia lamblia | Blastocystis hominis | Chilomastics mesnili

Introduction and objective: Intestinal parasitic infection is an important problem in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among HIV+ patients in Mashhad, Iran.Materials and methods: A coproparasitological study was conducted from October 2005 to August 2006 at Emam Reza hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran. It was carried out on 31 HIV+ patients admitted at the HIV clinic and 20 HIV-negative individuals as control group using direct and formalin-ether sedimentation concentration methods, trichrome and acid-fast staining.Results: Overall prevalence of intestinal parasites among HIV+ population was 67.7% and in control group was 55% without significant difference between the two groups. More specifically, the following parasites were identified in HIV+ group: Giardia lamblia 22.6%, Blastocystis hominis 22.6%, Chilomastics mesnili 22.6%, Entamoeba coli 9.7%, and Entromonas 3.2%. In the control group Entromonas (45%), B. hominis (15%), E. coli (10%), G. lamblia (5%), and Hymenolepis nana (10%). However, the prevalence of G. lamblia, B. hominis and C. mesnili was greater for HIV+ patients (p
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