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Study of the relaxor behaviour in Ba0.68Na0.32Ti0.68Nb0.32O3 ceramic

Author(s): w. Bąk

Journal: Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
ISSN 1734-8412

Volume: 37;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 24;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Polycrystalline | Phase transitions | Ferroelectrics | Relaxor | Dielectric spectroscopy

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to synthesize a new ceramic solid solution Ba0.68Na0.32Ti0.68Nb0.32O3 (BNTN32), as well as to measure and analyse its dielectric properties within the temperature range 123 K-473 K, where dielectrically active phase transition was supposed to occur.Design/methodology/approach: The new ceramic composition was prepared by means of conventional method. Dependence of phase transition features on temperature and frequency of measuring field were measured using dielectric spectroscopy method within the frequency range from 20 Hz to 1 MHz.Findings: The electric susceptibility along with temperature decrease generally rises up and has transient dispersion vanishing at about 230 K. At higher and low temperatures, frequency dependence of dispersion differs in character: at temperatures at ~400 K, low frequency values dominate. Dielectric energy losses are very high at ~high temperature, they decline down while temperature decrease, and at about 200 K range its frequency dependence is reversed and less scattered with maximum at ~150 K. The whole transition of ferroelectric - paraelectric (FE - PE) type can be described by means of Curie-Weiss law and it gets diffused character.Research limitations/implications: For modelling purposes the structure parameters of BNTN32 have to be measured by X-ray diffraction in order to establish the dielectric/structural activities of transitions taking place within used the temperature range. Additionally, dielectric measurements within broader frequency range up to 1.8 GHz will be performed.Originality/value: The new type of ceramic material was prepared with interesting dielectric properties. Dispersion reverse of energy losses activated thermally and low frequency memory of barium titanate (BT) transition effect visible at ~400 K is to be a subject of modelling further work.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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