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Styles of hospital administration and personal characteristics of managers and staffs

Author(s): Arab M. | Tajvar M. | Akbari F.

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Likert leadership styles | Personal characteristics | Hospital staffs

Background and Aim: One of the most important responsibilities of managers is leadership. Leadership styles are the constant behavioral models used by managers when working with others in organizations. The main purpose in this research was gaining an insight into the leadership styles of hospital managers (manager and chief) and to see if there is relationship between managers and employers' personality traits and the style of leadership adopted by the hospital manager. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving all the hospital managers and 385 hospital staff in the province of Qom. We gathered data through a questionnaire based on the Likert system. We thus recognized four different styles of leadership: Exploitive-Authoritative, Benevolent – Authoritative, Consultative, and Participative. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software package. Results: 1-Overall, the managers’ leadership styles were found to be mostly of the consultative type but the staff regarded their managers’ style of leadership as mainly Benevolent – Authoritative, 2- There was no statistically significant relationship between the managers’ personal characteristics and their leadership styles, 3- There is a significant association between the staff members’ characteristics and their perception of the manager’s leadership styles. Conclusion: The managers’ personal traits do not appear to have an effect on their leadership styles but the same traits in employees can have a bearing on how they perceive leadership in their managers.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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