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Subcellular proteomic characterization of the high-temperature stress response of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis

Author(s): Hongsthong Apiradee | Sirijuntarut Matura | Yutthanasirikul Rayakorn | Senachak Jittisak | Kurdrid Pavinee | Cheevadhanarak Supapon | Tanticharoen Morakot

Journal: Proteome Science
ISSN 1477-5956

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 33;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Abstract The present study examined the changes in protein expression in Spirulina platensis upon exposure to high temperature, with the changes in expression analyzed at the subcellular level. In addition, the transcriptional expression level of some differentially expressed proteins, the expression pattern clustering, and the protein-protein interaction network were analyzed. The results obtained from differential expression analysis revealed up-regulation of proteins involved in two-component response systems, DNA damage and repair systems, molecular chaperones, known stress-related proteins, and proteins involved in other biological processes, such as capsule formation and unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. The clustering of all differentially expressed proteins in the three cellular compartments showed: (i) the majority of the proteins in all fractions were sustained tolerance proteins, suggesting the roles of these proteins in the tolerance to high temperature stress, (ii) the level of resistance proteins in the photosynthetic membrane was 2-fold higher than the level in two other fractions, correlating with the rapid inactivation of the photosynthetic system in response to high temperature. Subcellular communication among the three cellular compartments via protein-protein interactions was clearly shown by the PPI network analysis. Furthermore, this analysis also showed a connection between temperature stress and nitrogen and ammonia assimilation.

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