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Supermarkets in the Food Supply Systems in Southern African Development Community: A Case Study of Zambia

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Author(s): R.A. Emongor | J.F. Kirsten

Journal: Journal of Applied Sciences
ISSN 1812-5654

Volume: 6;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 800;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Supermarkets | supply chain | SADC | Zambia | procurement practices | impacts

ABSTRACT
This study evaluated how supermarkets procurement practises in the fresh fruits and vegetables (FFV) and processed products such as dairy impact on local producers in Zambia. Data was collected from key informants and secondary sources. The results showed that supermarkets procured approximately 60% of FFV from local farmers, though the bulk of these are from large-scale farms. Products not produced in the host countries were imported from South Africa and other countries. Small-scale farmers were hindered by constraints such as lack of irrigation and the stringent grades and standards imposed by supermarkets. Supermarkets procure dairy products from large processors. Farmers access supermarkets through dairy processors. Small-scale dairy processors do not access the supermarkets because of high transaction costs and lack of transport. Government involvement in the supply chain in terms of setting policies and regulatory frameworks are important in determining the type of procurement systems that develop and whether local producers especially small-scale farmers and processors access and supply to supermarkets.
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