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SUPPORTED CROP STRUCTURE IN ROMANIA IN 2007-2011 PERIOD

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Author(s): Toma Adrian DINU | Elena STOIAN | Paula STOICEA | NicolaeSTERGHIU

Journal: Scientific Papers Series : Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
ISSN 2284-7995

Volume: 12;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 55;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: agricultural area | evolution | subsidy

ABSTRACT
After five years since the initiation of the direct financial support reception process effects are expected, on one hand over farmers and on agricultural production profitability, and on the other hand on crop structure. Subsidizing itself has constituted an incentive for the agricultural production capacity expansion and for the increase of the subsidized areas. The areas subsidies have encouraged on the one hand the merger of orchards and grasslands, even if it was not always about physical merger, but only operating merger, and on the other hand these have led to the expansion of the arable land area. An increase of the cereals areas has been noted for the majority of cereal types, except for barley and oat. This way the cereals character of the crop production in Romania is stressed out. As to the oleaginous crops, both sunflower and canola have proven to be two “magnet” crops for the Romanian farmers, and the areas cultivated have continuously increased also maybe because the bio-fuel production was developed and encouraged. Following the study performed on the situation of orchard areas it was noted that the areas with plum trees and apple trees occupy the largest share summing up over 78% from the orchard areas.
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