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Surgical management of a pial arteriovenous fistula with giant varix in an infant

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Author(s): Pillai Ashok | Rajeev K | Unnikrishnan M

Journal: Neurology India
ISSN 0028-3886

Volume: 54;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 434;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Cerebellar hemorrhage remote to craniotomy | infant | pial arteriovenous fistula | varix

ABSTRACT
A seven-month-old infant presented with a generalized seizure. The radiological evaluation revealed a large arteriovenous fistula in the left sylvian region. The fistula connected the left middle cerebral artery and the vein of Trolard. A giant varix was present at the venous end. The child underwent craniotomy, complete disconnection of the fistula and excision of the varix. Except for recurrent seizures, which were eventually controlled on anticonvulsants, the child′s neurological development has been good on long-term follow-up of three years. Pial arteriovenous fistulae are rare intracranial vascular malformations. Though significant operative risks exist, they can be successfully managed surgically with good long-term prognosis.
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