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A survey on the status of environmental health management in Qom province hospitals

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Author(s): M Salimi | M Arab | F Akbari | H Zeraati | F Farzianpoor

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Health | Environmental health | Hospital

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Hospitals are among the most important health and medical institutions responsible for promoting health, and provision of appropriate health services requires a healthy, hygienic and safe environment. This research was done with the aim of assessing the environmental health situation Qom hospitals in 2005."nMaterials and Methods: This research is an applied descriptive - analytic study on hospitals in QOM Province. Data were gathered using survey and observation methods and a two-part questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire consisted of 45 items covering demographic data on hospitals and hospital managers. The second part comprised 363 questions about the environmental health situation as well as diagnostic, treating and support services. The questionnaires were filled after validity and reliability tests in eight hospitals in Qom Province. For statistical analysis, we performed Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests and calculated Spearman's coefficient, using the software package SPSS."nResults: Poor environmental health was observed in 25% of the radiology wards, kitchens and laundries. The situation was assessed as "appropriate" in 12.5% of laboratories and central sterilization (CSR), 25% of emergency services, 50% of ICU wards and 71% of surgery and recovery rooms, and it was intermediate of the other wards. Overall, the level of compliance with the principles of environmental health was average, i.e. about 72.5 percent. Further analysis of data showed that the situation was better in private, non-teaching hospitals compared to government-run and teaching hospitals. However, environmental health was found to improve with an increase in the number of active hospital beds and the managers' experience in their current job. It declined with increasing hospital age and increasing age of the hospital managers. "nConclusion: Overall, the environmental health situation in Qom hospitals was found to be at an intermediate level. Hence, these hospitals have a long way to go before they can achieve the appropriate level of environmental health
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