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Survey of Phenantherene Biodegradation's Model inContaminated Soils by Acinetobacter SP

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Author(s): F Rashid Ashmagh | R Rezaei Kalantary | M Farzadkia | A Joneidy Jafari | R Nabizadeh

Journal: Iranian Journal of Health and Environment
ISSN 2008-2029

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 196;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Acinetobacter SP | biodegradation kinetic | Polycyclic aromatic Hydrocarbons

ABSTRACT
Backgrounds and Objectives: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of hazardous pollutants which have carcinogenic and mutagenic properties and accumulated in environment by different actions, therefore treatment of them is important. Biological treatments are simple and cheep technologies. This technology was recommended as a cost- effective method for treatment of these pollutants. In order to investigate the trend of pollution reduction of petroleum hydrocarbons in bioremediation, the phenanthrene biodegradation's model in contaminated soils was studied."nMaterials and Methods: Firstly, PAHs capable degrading bacteria was isolated from petroleum contaminated soils and then their ability for biodegradation of phenanthrene was assessed in slurry phase. After that by using Acinetobacter which have the most potential of removing phenanthrene from soil, the biodegradation model was investigated in bench scale."nResults: Phenantherene removal efficiency was obtained 99.4% for 100 mg/kg and 96 % for 500 mg/kg concentrations in 33 and 60 days biodegradation period respectively. Phenantherene reduction rate varied from 2.99 to 8.86 and 1.4 to 11.09 mg/kg/day for 100 and 500 mg/kg concentrations, respectively."nConclusion: Rate of phenantherene removal is depended on primary concentration of contamination and by increasing of primary concentration, phenantherene removal rate was increased. Also removal efficiency followed zero and first order kinetic model with good correlation.
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