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Surveying of Pesticides Commonly on the Markets of Iran in 2009

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Author(s): Rouhullah Dehghani | Seyed G. Moosavi | Hadi Esalmi | Malihe Mohammadi | Zahra Jalali | Nargess Zamini

Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN 2152-2197

Volume: 02;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 1113;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Pesticide | Organophosphorus | Organochlorine | Carbamate | Pyrethroids | Market | Iran

ABSTRACT
Considering the potential pesticide side effects on environment, their short and long term untoward effects on living creatures, their excessive usage for producing more agricultural products, and also their application to destroy pests of any sort, the present study was carried out to investigate the used amount of common pesticides in Iran markets. A questionnaire was designed. Referring to pesticide selling shops and plants preservations organizations in Tehran and Isfahan, the sufficient data was collected and then categorized regarding the applications and the total amount of used pesticides in a year. The results demonstrated that there were 60 sorts of used pesticides in Iran. They included Organochlorine (10%), Organophosphorus (28.4%), Pyrethroids derivatives (10%), Carbamate derivatives (10%), and others (41.6%). The commonest pesticide used in a year was Organophosphorus and the least one was Organochlorine. The obtained data pointed out that the most common pesticide was Organophosphorus. Given that Organophosphorine compounds are poisonous in living creatures and cause short and long term side effects. It is recommended that responsible authorities provide the necessary information for the aimed groups in terms of the allowable using amount of pesticides, the protection strategies and the pesticides hazards on users.
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