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The Susac's syndrome: A case report from neurology ward of Imam Khomeiny Hospital, 1999

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Author(s): Ghlich Nia Omrani H | Ghaffar Poor M

Journal: Tehran University Medical Journal
ISSN 1683-1764

Volume: 59;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: Susac!@#$%s syndrome | Subacute encephalopathy | Personality disorders

ABSTRACT
This syndrome is a very rare neurological presentation which was first reported by Susac in 1975, and usually involves the young women with triad of: (1) Visual loss due to occlusion of retinal artery branches. (2) Subacute encephalopathy with psychic manifestation, personality disorders, involvement of the cortico-spianal tracts, pseudo-bulbar, focal or generalized seizures and myoclonic jerks. (3) Bilateral sensory neural hearing loss with tinnitus. All of the symptoms and signs are pathologically due to microinfarcts. It's pathogenesis is unknown. Brain biopsy shows multiple microinfarctions. Diagnosis of this syndrome is based on the clinical tiard, retinal angiography and neuroimaging studies. In this report, a young lady of 25 years old was referred to neurology ward of Imam Khomeini Hospital with above mentioned symptoms an signes and was recognized as a case of this syndrome.

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