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Author(s): Paliwal Murlidhar | Byadgi P.S

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Ayurveda | Kashiraja Divodasa Dhanvantari | Sushruta-Samhita | Surgery | Nagarjuna | Chandrata | Dalhana.

Ayurveda is described as science of life and it was recalled by Brahma as mentioned in Ayurvedic treatises. Brahma transmitted his noble knowledge to Prajapati or Daksha, later Daksha passed his legacy to Ashwins and Indra received knowledge from Aswins. As per Sushruta opinion, Indra taught Ayurveda to Dhanvantari, the surgeon of gods embodied as king Divodasa of Banaras (Kashiraja). Divodasa then transmitted medical knowledge with special reference to surgery to the wise men like Sushruta and others who approached him as pupils, out of sympathy for the suffering humanity and also in order to prolong their own life. This school of thoughts is known as Dhanvantara-Sampradaya i.e. the school of surgery. All the fellows of Sushruta and Sushruta himself composed texts on the base of the perceptions of the teacher Divodasa Dhanvantari. Sushruta composed ‘Sushruta-Samhita’ which is fully available till now and is considered the best book for Sharira. Nagarjuna redacted the Sushruta-Samhita and possibly added Uttaratantra in 5th century A.D. In 10th century Chandrata, son of Tisata did the Pathashuddhi and renewed the Sushruta-Samhita on the basis of commentary done by Jejjata.In due course of time, many commentaries in Sanskrit, Hindi and English were written which show the growing acceptance and utility of the text. Charaka-Samhita, Sushruta-Samhita and Samhitas of Vagbhata are considered as Brihat-trayee i.e. three main treatises. In Kshemakutuhala text, it is well versed that a Vaidya who has listened many more text books but not listened the Sushruta-Samhita is devoid of actual benefits and if studied many other books but not the Charaka-Samhita gets defame or criticism among Vaidyas who have studied both the Samhitas. Vagbhata says that if the texts written by seers and sages get recognition in society then except Charaka-Samhita and Sushruta-Samhita why Bhela-Samhita etc. are not studied. All these references prove the gravity of Charaka-Samhita and Sushruta-Samhita. Sushruta-Samhita has unique position and contributions in the field of Ayurveda especially anatomy and surgery. Sushruta elaborates many surgical procedures like Nasa-Sandhana, Karnapali-Sandhana, Siravedha, Vranopakrama, treatment of Asthibhagna and Sandhibhagna etc. which is indicative of his excellent surgical skills. Hence Sushruta is regarded as the father of surgery. He was educated at Kashi in India and mentions the places of India in his text mainly southern portion which is suggestive of the view that he was a native of this country.
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