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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

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Author(s): Elise Nicoleta VÂLCU

Journal: Annals of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava : Fascicle of the Faculty of Economics and Public Administration
ISSN 2066-575X

Volume: 9;
Issue: Special Number;
Start page: 12;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: European Union | sustainable development | sustainable tourism

ABSTRACT
Sustainable development is the great challenge of this century. In conditions of resource depletion, pollution,and emphasis of population growth, many experts consider that the very survival of the human race depends on theextent to which it becomes reality. The concept of sustainable development designates all forms and methods of socioeconomicdevelopment, whose foundation is primarily to ensure a balance between these systems and socio-economicelements of natural capital. Sustainability for tourism as for other industries has three independent aspects: economic,socio-cultural and environmental. Sustainable development implies permanence, which means that sustainable tourisminvolves an optimal use of resources (including biological diversity), minimization of the negative economic impact,socio-cultural and ecological benefits, and maximization of the local communities’ benefits, national economies and onthe nature preservation.Sustainable development has become an objective of the European Union. Cooperation for sustainabledevelopment should be a concern for both the EU and Member States. Community policy for sustainable developmentmust be complementary to policies carried out by Member States

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