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Synthesis and characterization of energetic thermoplastic elastomers for propellant formulations

Author(s): Aparecida M. Kawamoto | José Irineu S.Oliveira | Rita de Cássia L. Dutra | Luis Claudio Rezende | Thomas Keicher | Horst Krause

Journal: Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management
ISSN 1984-9648

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Energetic thermoplastic elastomers | PolyAMMO | PolyBAMO | Copolymer PolyBAMO/AMMO | Propellants

Synthesis and characterization of energetic ABA-type thermoplastic elastomers for propellant formulations has been carried out. Following the working plan elaborated, the synthesis and characterization of Poly 3- bromomethyl-3-methyl oxetane (PolyBrMMO), Poly 3- azidomethyl-3-methyl oxetane (PolyAMMO), Poly 3,3-bis-azidomethyl oxetane (PolyBAMO) and Copolymer PolyBAMO/AMMO (by TDI end capping) has been successfully performed. The thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) were synthesized using the chain elongation process PolyAMMO, GAP and PolyBAMO by diisocyanates. In this method 2.4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is used to link block A (hard and mono- functional)) to B (soft and di-functional). For the hard A-block we used PolyBAMO and for the soft B-block we used PolyAMMO or GAP.This is a joint project set up, some years ago, between the Chemistry Division of the Institute of Aeronautics and Space (IAE) - subordinated to the Brazilian Ministry of Defense - and the Fraunhofer Institut Chemische Technologie (ICT), in Germany. The products were characterized by different techniques as IR- and (1H,13C)NMR spectroscopies, elemental and thermal analyses. New methodologies based on FT-IR analysis have been developed as an alternative for the determination of the molecular weight and CHNO content of the energetic polymers.

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