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Synthesis and Electrochemical Characterizations of Zinc-doped LiFePO4/C by Carbothermal Reduction

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Author(s): HUA Ning, WANG Chen-Yun, KANG Xue-Ya, Tuerdi, HAN Ying

Journal: Journal of Inorganic Materials
ISSN 1000-324X

Volume: 25;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 887;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: LiFePO4; doping zinc; lithium ion battery; cycle performance

ABSTRACT
Alien atom doping has been adopted to modify the electrochemical performance of olivine type LiFePO4 for cathode material. Here, we report that zinc-doping can improve the performance of LiFePO4/C immensely by a simple method. LiFePO4/C and Zn-doped LiFePO4/C cathode materials were firstly synthesized by carbothermal reduction method. Physical-chemical characterizations were done by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and transmittance electron microscope. Electrochemical behavior of the cathode materials were analyzed by using cyclic voltammetry, and galvanostatic measurements were employed to characterize the reaction of lithium ion insertion and de-insertion. ICP and XRD analyses indicate that Zn ions were sufficiently doped in LiFePO4 and did not alter its crystal structure. During de-intercalation and intercalation process of lithium ions, the doped zinc atoms protect the LiFePO4 crystal from shrink. Consequently, the conductivity is enhanced after doping. It is noted that zinc ions doping can improve performance of LiFePO4, especially on the aspect of stable cycle-life at higher C rate.
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