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Synthesis, morphology and rheology of core-shell silicone acrylic emulsion stabilized with polymerisable surfactant

Journal: eXPRESS Polymer Letters
ISSN 1788-618X

Volume: 4;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 670;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Polymer synthesis | molecular e | core-shell | rheology | morphology

Core-shell silicone acrylic emulsions with 3-methacryloxypropyl trimethoxysilane (MPTS) in the shell were prepared by seeded polymerization with the assistance of polymerisable maleate surfactant (MT). Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) demonstrated the incorporation of polymerisable surfactant in copolymer. It was found that small amount of octadecyl acrylate was beneficial to emulsion stability with decreasing the particle size from 194.6 to 165.7 nm. It was also found that the particle size increased from 165.7 to 242.9 nm with the increase of MPTS concentration. Furthermore, rheological measurement indicated that the emulsion was endowed with pseudoplasticity. At low shear rate, marginal reduction in viscosity was detected when MPTS concentration increased to 2%, while great increase in viscosity was observed with higher MPTS concentration, the interaction force among emulsion particles became the predominant factor instead of particle size. In addition, better water resistance was observed when MT concentration was lower than 1.5%, and MPTS concentration higher than 2%. Moreover, surface roughness was increased with MPTS addition, the crosslinking among core and shell reconstructed the surface morphology of film.

Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil

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