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Synthetic carbon fiber prosthesis for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in canine knees - radiological and pathohistological picture ………………………………………………………………

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Author(s): Lešić Aleksandar | Đurđević D. | Tatić Vujadin | Krstić Nikola | Bumbaširević Marko

Journal: Acta Veterinaria
ISSN 0567-8315

Volume: 52;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 401;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament | carbon fiber prosthesis | experimental surgery | dogs | histological picture.

ABSTRACT
The biological response and strength of a reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) by carbon fibers was investigated in the canine knee. The allografts were inserted to replace the ACL according to the technique recommended by the manufacturer of the carbon fiber prostheses. The clinical radiological and pathohis-tological picture of the neoligament and bone-neoligament-bone connections were evaluated at one, two and six months later. Clinically and radiologically the knee joints were stable, without degenerative changes. Pathohistologically there were marked fibrous tissue ingrowth between the carbon fibers. The canine knee is a suitable model for experimental knee surgery. The characteristics of the carbon ACL prosthesis are suitable in cases when an autograft (patelar tendon, semitendinosus-gracilis) cannot be performed in seriosly injured or elderly patients. .
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