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SYSTEM OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SWEDEN

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Author(s): DOINA POPESCU

Journal: Challenges of the Knowledge Society
ISSN 2068-7796

Volume: 3;
Issue: -;
Start page: 613;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Local government | Swedish Constitution | Local Government Act | local authorities | European Charter of Local Self

ABSTRACT
Sweden is a unitary state with a history of strong local government involvement in public affairs. Local government has played an important role in the welfare state system with many responsibilities for the delivery of public services to citizens. Because of this important position in the welfare system, it has attracted local politicians of a high calibre. Swedish citizens have on the whole a positive view of Swedish local government and, partly because of the important policy and administrative responsibilities of the local authorities, there has been a high turnout in local elections, although this has been in some decline in recent years. The positive Swedish attitude to local government is also shared by the central government and parliament and Sweden signed and ratified the European Charter of Local Self-Government as early as 1989, just four years after its promulgation. The Instrument of Government (the Swedish Constitution), which came into force in January 1974, gives explicit recognition to the principle of local self-government and this has been further expanded in the Local Government Act (1991) which came into force in January 1992.

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