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Systems mapping: how to improve the genetic mapping of complex traits through design principles of biological systems

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Author(s): Wu Rongling | Cao Jiguo | Huang Zhongwen | Wang Zhong | Gai Junyi | Vallejos Eduardo

Journal: BMC Systems Biology
ISSN 1752-0509

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 84;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Every phenotypic trait can be viewed as a "system" in which a group of interconnected components function synergistically to yield a unified whole. Once a system's components and their interactions have been delineated according to biological principles, we can manipulate and engineer functionally relevant components to produce a desirable system phenotype. Results We describe a conceptual framework for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that control complex traits by treating trait formation as a dynamic system. This framework, called systems mapping, incorporates a system of differential equations that quantifies how alterations of different components lead to the global change of trait development and function through genes, and provides a quantitative and testable platform for assessing the interplay between gene action and development. We applied systems mapping to analyze biomass growth data in a mapping population of soybeans and identified specific loci that are responsible for the dynamics of biomass partitioning to leaves, stem, and roots. Conclusions We show that systems mapping implemented by design principles of biological systems is quite versatile for deciphering the genetic machineries for size-shape, structural-functional, sink-source and pleiotropic relationships underlying plant physiology and development. Systems mapping should enable geneticists to shed light on the genetic complexity of any biological system in plants and other organisms and predict its physiological and pathological states.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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