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T lymphocyte function in laryngectomized patients

Author(s): Dimitrijević Milovan V. | Dudvarski Zoran R. | Vučićević Slavko S. | Nešić Vladimir S. | Pavlović Bojan M.

Journal: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
ISSN 0354-950X

Volume: 58;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 67;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: laryngeal carcinoma | laryngectomy | T lymphocytes | monocytes | phagocytefunction

Aim: Malignant tumors of the larynx account for 2.3% of all malignancies, while their frequency among tumors of the head and neck ranges between 12% and 20%. Research on the general immune competence in patients with malignant diseases has provided useful insight in the relationship between immune disorders on one side and the clinical course on the other. Unfortunately, only few complete studies have been published so far with this regard in patients with malignant tumors of the larynx, and therefore our study was essentially aimed at establishing of general immunocompetence, presence and levels of the possible immune disorders and their association with the malignant tumors. Material and method: The study included forty two patients with primary squamocellular laryngeal cancer. All the patients underwent surgery, out of whom fifteen were treated postoperatively with radiotherapy. We tested the immune competence prior to the operation and in the postoperative period nine months later. In the venous blood we examined T lymphocyte function, monocyte levels and mononuclear phagocyte function. Results: Preoperative evaluation of the presence and levels of general immune competence in patients with laryngeal cancer, showed a distinct decrease in the proliferative response to the PHA mitogen in vitro, with a tendency to normalize in patients who do not develop a relapse of the disease or distant metastasis during the follow- up period. During the whole study period, the number of monocytes and mononuclear phagocyte activity was above the normal level. Conclusion: The patients with operable laryngeal carcinoma had considerable immune disorders at various levels, primarily at the level of T lymphocytes. Of all the disorders, reduced mitotic activity of T lymphocytes in response to mitogens showed the highest dependance on the presence of malignant tissue in the organism.
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