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TEA PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND EXPORTS IN GLOBAL AND

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Author(s): Tasnuba NASIR | Mohammad SHAMSUDDOHA

Journal: Annals of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava : Fascicle of the Faculty of Economics and Public Administration
ISSN 2066-575X

Volume: 11;
Issue: 2(14);
Start page: 74;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Tea | Tea Global Scenario | Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
Bangladesh Tea Industry established in 1840 when a pioneer tea garden was inaugurate on the slopes of thehills of Chittagong, where the Chittagong Club in Bangladesh now stands. The first commercial tea garden wasestablished in 1857 in Mulnichera, Sylhet. During the India-Pakistan partition in 1947, Bangladesh (then called EastPakistan) owned 103 tea estates, covering 26,734 hectares of tea plantation with annual production of 18.36 Million kgwith a yield of about 639 kgs per ha. Home consumption was around 13.64 Million kg until 1955. Then after, homeconsumption went up rapidly, and Government imposed 3% mandatory extension of tea area per annum in 1961. Tenyears later in 1970, tea area was extended to 42,658 hectares, and production was increased to 31.38 Million kg.During the liberation war in 1971, tea industry suffered colossal damages, which resulted in poor management, highunemployment, insufficient inputs, dilapidated factory machinery, inadequate maintenance, etc. leading to lower yieldand poor quality of tea. Besides that, world tea production has been showing an annual increment of 3% while inBangladesh, the production has increased by 1.84 % and contributes 1.37 in export in the word tea trade and earnsnear about 1775 million Taka (Taka 69 = USD 1.00) every year. The study aims to picturize the scenario of Bangladeshtea in the context of world tea, export and import and consumption of tea products in different countries of the world.
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