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Telomerase-specific oncolytic virotherapy for human hepatocellular carcinoma

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Author(s): Yue-Min Li, San-Tai Song, Ze-Fei Jiang, Qi Zhang, Chang-Qing Su, Guo-Qing Liao, Yi-Mei Qu, Guo-Qing Xie, Ming-Ying Li, Fei-Jiao Ge, Qi-Jun Qian

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 14;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 1274;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Gene therapy | Virus therapy | Replicative adenovirus | Heptocellular carcinoma

ABSTRACT
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic efficiency of replicative adenovirus CNHK300 targeted in telomerase-positive hepatocellular carcinoma.METHODS: CNHK300, ONYX-015 (55 kDa protein deleted adenovirus) and wtAd5 (wild type adenovirus 5) were compared, and virus proliferation assay, cell viability assay, Western blot and fluorescence microscopy were used to evaluate the proliferation and cytolysis selectivity of CNHK300.RESULTS: The replicative multiples in Hep3B and HepGII after 48 h of CNHK300 proliferation were 40 625 and 65 326 fold, respectively, similar to that of wtAd5.. However, CNHK300 exhibited attenuated replicative ability in normal fibroblast cell line BJ. CNHK300 could lyse hepatocellular carcinoma cells at a low multiplicity of infection (MOI), but could not affect growth of normal cells even at a high MOI.CONCLUSION: CNHK300 is a cancer-selective replication-competent adenovirus which can cause oncolysis of liver cancer cells as well as wtAd5 (wild type adenovirus 5), but had severely attenuated replicative and cytolytic ability in normal cells. This novel strategy of cancer treatment offers a promising treatment platform.

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